JI

Publications

Opinion

Budget 2020: Popular Misconceptions & Economic Reality

by:  Saad Rajput

Debates about Pakistan’s economic stewardship have become a core feature of public discourse since the PTI government assumed power last year. Two mini-budgets and the removal of a finance minister...
Policy Brief

Budget 2019-2020: Inequality and Public Policy

by:  Safiya Aftab

Inequality is believed to drive conflict and destabilize society, and thus indirectly retard economic growth. On a more fundamental level, though, inequality undermines the principles of social justice and preservation...
Opinion

Budget Blues

by:  Hassan Akbar

In what is being billed as Pakistan’s most austerity laden budget in decades, new taxation and fiscal retrenchment measures are set to herald a difficult era of economic contraction. The...
Opinion

At Modernity’s Door

by:  Fahd Humayun

Shortly before Eid, an android application for moon sighting was made available on Google Play. A calendar that can be accessed through Pakistan’s first official ‘moon-sighting’ website now indicates scientifically...

Who’s Afraid of Mr. Jinnah?

by:  Fahd Humayun

India’s election is over, and the BJP has won in a landslide that is nothing short of historic. The Opposition has been delivered a crushing defeat, turfed out of its...
Opinion

Saffron Sweep, Again

by:  Hassan Akbar

For the first time since Indira Gandhi, an incumbent prime minister has returned to Delhi with an even greater majority after completing a five year term. Narendra Modi, who was...
Opinion

Childhood Deserves Better

by:  Meera Nadeem

Another gruesome murder and rape of a minor has caused wide public outcry across Pakistan. Pakistan’s civil society, as well as the Prime Minister and military leadership have condemned the...
Opinion

Pathways to Détente

by:  Hassan Akbar

The fifth phase of voting in India’s behemoth election is over. The winner in New Delhi will shape, in part, the future of arguably the most tense bilateral relationship in...
Policy Brief

War to Lawfare – Spotlighting the India-Pakistan Conflict

by:  Professor Sikander Ahmed Shah and Professor Uzair J. Kayani

Lawfare, or the use of legal fora and devices for military and diplomatic advantage, has become a critical component of South Asia’s dynamic conflict landscape. In the context of the...
Opinion

Leveraging CPEC; Investing in Human Capital

by:  Nazish Afraz

NazishAfraz As Pakistan navigates a burgeoning deficit crisis, there is renewed focus on leveraging CPEC for growth. With government-to-government CPEC infrastructure upgrades well underway, all sights are set on business...
Opinion

Committing to Equality for Street Children

by:  Madeeha Ansari

Madeeha Ansari April 12 is a day for the invisible. As the International Day for Street Children, it is a time to extend recognition to young people who are too...
Policies

Jinnah Institute’s Policy Dialogue on Cultural Pluralism

by:  Fahd Humayun

On 24/02/17, Pakistan as a society must question the contemporary manifestations of ethnic discrimination, religious intolerance, and extremism by resuscitating the pluralistic vision of its inception. This was the main...
Opinion

From Journalism to Jingoism

by:  Meera Nadeem

Meera Nadeem Prospects for dialogue between Pakistan and India now appear bleak as the two nuclear armed neighbours faceoff in what is perhaps the worst diplomatic bilateral stalemate since 1971....
Opinion

Where Do India and Pakistan Go From Here

by:  Fahd Humayun

Fahd Humayun For a region that until a month ago was on a collision course for war, India’s decision to boycott Pakistan Day celebrations at the Pakistani High Commission in...
Opinion

After the Crisis

by:  Sherry Rehman

Although the 2019 India-Pakistan standoff may have passed its immediate intensity, it is clear that the entire episode has left a slew of new worries for policymakers all over the...
Opinion

The Fight for Our Rights

by:  Sherry Rehman

Sherry Rehman Today’s Pakistan has gone through several important transformations, most notable of which is the country’s default inclination towards some form of democracy, even if its current avatar manifests...

Democracy and Inclusion

Inclusion in democracies is a challenge across the world, especially for those with weak state capacity for social service delivery and where the establishment of democracy itself has followed a...
Opinion

The Fault in Our Stars

With the PTI’s saddle-adjustment over and a debt crisis (temporarily) averted, it may be worth refocusing attention onto the guardrails of Pakistan’s democracy. Will the next four years of PTI...
Opinion

Timeline of US Taliban Talks

by:  Hassan Akbar

Hassan Akbar With discussions around Afghan reconciliation entering a critical phase, it’s worth looking at what is happening in Qatar and beyond. This short piece analyzes the push for a...
Quarterly Monitoring Brief

Reviewing Indo-Pak Bilateral Relations: Quarterly Monitoring Brief October 2018 – December2018

Hostile statements from India and Pakistan continued in the last quarter of 2018 as ceasefire violations continued at the Line of Control and bilateral relations remained tense. Perhaps the most...
Opinion

Child Marriage and the Law

by:  Sherry Rehman

Sherry Rehman Pakistan’s children are its future. Yet not only is this generation put to work in homes, fields and factories, they are the silent objects of abuse and violence...
Policy Brief

A Constitutional History of Water in Pakistan

What exactly is water law? The answer is elusive. Water itself is fascinating. It adopts the shape of the vessel it occupies. Different vessels, different shapes. And for each shape,...
Opinion

Mobility and Politics

It’s been an uneasy year for democracy in Pakistan. If there is a takeaway, it is that politics at the grassroots level continues to be an unequal game despite the...
Opinion

A Bridge Too Far

by:  Fahd Humayun

The momentary goodwill rendered by Pakistan’s offer to India to open the Kartarpur Corridor has evaporated, reaffirming some of the bilateral relationship’s worst and more deeply ingrained pathologies. These include...
Opinion

The Connectivity Dream

by:  Sherry Rehman

The Kartarpur corridor contains the seeds of more inclusive, people-oriented development in Pakistan and across South Asia By Sherry Rehman The Kartarpur corridor connecting two Sikh shrines divided by Partition...
Opinion

A Chequered Decade

by:  Hassan Akbar

On Human Rights Day, Jinnah Institute looks at rights legislation from the past decade of democratic rule in Pakistan through an interactive timeline of rights legislation, and an accompanying opinion...
Quarterly Monitoring Brief

Reviewing Indo-Pak Bilateral Relations: Quarterly Monitoring Brief July 2018 – September 2018

Despite a hopeful start to the quarter, Indo-Pak relations ended on a hostile note after India cancelled a scheduled Foreign Ministers’ meeting at the sidelines of the UNGA and engaged...
Quarterly Monitoring Brief

Reviewing Indo-Pak Bilateral Relations: Quarterly Monitoring Brief April 2018 – June 2018

India and Pakistan seemed to be making progress in their bilateral relations as tensions abated at the end of March when both countries released a coordinated statement reiterating their decision...
Quarterly Monitoring Brief

Reviewing Indo-Pak Bilateral Relations: Quarterly Monitoring Brief January 2018 – March 2018

Bilateral relations between India and Pakistan remained tense throughout most of the first quarter of 2018. The year began with news of a meeting between the Pakistani and Indian National...
Opinion

Pak-US Terms of Engagement

by:  Fahd Humayun

Fahd Humayun The region is once again in the spotlight. The only good news is that during the US Secretary of State’s visit to Islamabad, the two sides endorsed cooperation...
Opinion

Anatomy of a Taliban Ceasefire

by:  Fahd Humayun

Fahd Humayun After months of regional stalemate, two events in June offer a potential roadmap for achieving a working peace. The first was the Taliban’s decision to accept Afghan President...
Policy Brief

Terrorism in the Age of New Media

In an age of connectivity and increasingly porous national borders, threats to global security transcend limitations imposed by geography and conventional application of force. The realm of new media provides...
Opinion

How to Fix the Economy

by:  Ehsan Malik

The biggest challenge for an incoming government two months from now will be how to stabilise the economy. Foreign exchange cover, currently representing two months of imports, would have been...
Opinion

A Legacy of Deficits

by:  Fahd Humayun

The odds that the PML-N was going to be remembered for having contributed meaningfully to Pakistan’s foreign policy and reputation-building abroad were never high to begin with. But Nawaz Sharif’s...
Opinion

Muzzling the Press

by:  Aisha Fayyazi Sarwari

Aisha Fayyazi Sarwari Pakistan, as a democracy - albeit a faltering stumbling, tossing one – should allow the airing of public opinion. In fact it ought to do more than...
Afghanistan Essays

The Afghanistan Essays | Pak-Afghan Trade Relations: Looking Ahead

This 2018 short-essay series by the Jinnah Institute (JI) reflects a range of Pakistani thought leadership on Afghanistan and it’s complex history with Islamabad. With the region in the current...
Opinion

Women Were Never Silent

by:  Sherry Rehman

Every country’s story is incomplete without its women’s voices. Pakistan is no different. On International Women’s Day we should always take stock of the good, the bad, and of course...
Afghanistan Essays

The Afghanistan Essays | Conflict in Afghanistan: Behind the Pak-US Disconnect

This 2018 short-essay series by the Jinnah Institute (JI) reflects a range of Pakistani thought leadership on Afghanistan and it’s complex history with Islamabad. With the region in the current...
Afghanistan Essays

The Afghanistan Essays | Enemy at the Gates: The TTP in Afghanistan

This 2018 short-essay series by the Jinnah Institute (JI) reflects a range of Pakistani thought leadership on Afghanistan and it’s complex history with Islamabad. With the region in the current...
Opinion

Indus Water Treaty: Don’t Lose the Game

by:  Ahmad Rafay Alam

by Ahmad RafayAlam India and Pakistan have reached an impasse over issues of the Kishenganga and Ratle power plants. Their last meeting in the “good offices” of the World Bank...
Afghanistan Essays

The Afghanistan Essays | From the Trenches to the Table: Waging Peace in Afghanistan

This 2018 short-essay series by the Jinnah Institute (JI) reflects a range of Pakistani thought leadership on Afghanistan and it’s complex history with Islamabad. With the region in the current...
Afghanistan Essays

The Afghanistan Essays | The Haqqani Question

This 2018 short-essay series by the Jinnah Institute (JI) reflects a range of Pakistani thought leadership on Afghanistan and it’s complex history with Islamabad. With the region in the current...
Afghanistan Essays

The Afghanistan Essays | Daesh in Afghanistan

This 2018 short-essay series by the Jinnah Institute (JI) reflects a range of Pakistani thought leadership on Afghanistan and it’s complex history with Islamabad. With the region in the current...
Afghanistan Essays

The Afghanistan Essays | The Woman Question: Gains at Risk

This 2018 short-essay series by the Jinnah Institute (JI) reflects a range of Pakistani thought leadership on Afghanistan and it’s complex history with Islamabad. With the region in the current...
Afghanistan Essays

The Afghanistan Essays | Beijing as Broker

This 2018 short-essay series by the Jinnah Institute (JI) reflects a range of Pakistani thought leadership on Afghanistan and it’s complex history with Islamabad. With the region in the current...
Afghanistan Essays

The Afghanistan Essays | Understanding Afghanistan’s Poppy Economy

This 2018 short-essay series by the Jinnah Institute (JI) reflects a range of Pakistani thought leadership on Afghanistan and it’s complex history with Islamabad. With the region in the current...
Afghanistan Essays

The Afghanistan Essays | A History of Errors

This 2018 short-essay series by the Jinnah Institute (JI) reflects a range of Pakistani thought leadership on Afghanistan and it’s complex history with Islamabad. With the region in the current...
Policy Brief

Not Losing Advantage over India’s Catch-22 on the Indus Treaty

India, Pakistan and the World Bank have reached an impasse over issues of the Kishenganga and Ratle hydropower power plants. Both countries met at Secretary level talks held in the...
Conference and Research reports

Report | Climate Change

‘You can partition land, but you cannot partition the monsoons, aquifers, the Himalayas or consequences of climate change’ The Task Force on Climate Change was established by the conveners of...
Conference and Research reports

Report | New Media and Alternative Narratives

New media is fast reshaping the contours of how South Asians understand and interact with the state, their societies and with each other. With high internet penetration, growing youth demographics...
Policy Brief

A Comparative Analysis of the Prevention of Electronic Crimes Bill

Despite uncertainty and questions over implementation and investigation mechanisms, the Pakistan’s Prevention of Electronic Crimes Bill (2016) became operational just days after it was passed. The first case of cybercrime...
Conference and Research reports

Reviewing Indo-Pak Bilateral Relations: Quarterly Monitoring Brief April 2014 – June 2014

This monitoring brief recaps significant developments in Indo-Pak relations between April 2014 and June 2014, including statements, visits, and policy initiatives. It is part of a series of monitoring briefs...
Policy Brief

Reforming the Tribal Areas of Pakistan

The demand for extending democracy to the tribal areas of Pakistan is not a new one. Often conflated with terrorism and border-fragility in international news, the Tribal Areas of Pakistan...
Conference and Research reports

Pakistan: Monitoring the Key Regional Powers 3

This report is the third and final in a series of three Monitoring Briefs (2016) designed to monitor and track the actions and public statements of five key regional actors...
Conference and Research reports

Pakistan: Monitoring the Key Regional Powers 2

Quarterly Monitoring Brief 2 This report is the second in a series of three Monitoring Briefs (2016) designed to monitor and track the actions and public statements of five key...
Policy Brief

Accommodating Gender-Sensitive Micro Enterprises

The 2007 Small and Medium Enterprises (SME) Policy defines SMEs as all enterprises that employ less than 250 people and make an annual sum of under 250 million rupees. However,...
Conference and Research reports

Pakistan: Monitoring the Key Regional Powers 1

Quarterly Monitoring Brief 1 This is the first in a series of three Quarterly Monitoring Briefs (2016) designed to monitor and track the actions, public statements of five key regional...
Policy Brief

Working to Counter Terrorism: Prospects for Pakistan-India Intelligence & Security Cooperation

Pakistan and India share one of the most crisis- and risk-prone relationships in contemporary international politics. While the challenge posed to this relationship by the spectre of transnational terrorism is...
Conference and Research reports

State of Religious Freedom in Pakistan

Recent years have witnessed an escalation in the persecution of minority communities in Pakistan. The exclusion of non-Muslims from mainstream national life is only half the story. Increasingly, extremists have...
Policy Brief

Beyond Stabilization – Moving Towards a Growth Economy

by:  Ali Khizar

The growth trajectory of Pakistan’s economy has remained visibly low since 2008. Over the years, supply side bottlenecks owing to persistent energy shortages and inefficiencies within the sector have strained...
Policy Brief

Restructuring Pakistan’s Devolved Family Planning Services

by:  Safieh Shah

In 2014, Pakistan’s population was estimated at being over 188 million making it the world’s sixth-most populous country. Since the census in 1951, the population has quadrupled while the urban...
Conference and Research reports

Devolution: Provincial Autonomy and the 18th Amendment

2010 marked a watershed in the structural reform of the Pakistani state. Not since 1973, when Pakistan’s constitution was framed, had such a significant and wide ranging institutional restructuring been...
Policy Brief

Developing a Progressive Internet Policy for Pakistan

by:  Jahanzaib Haque

Increasing levels of internet use and accessibility have given rise to significant challenges across the world; Pakistan has not been an exception. However, the response to these challenges at the...
Policy Brief

Political Integration and Affirmative Legislation for Minorities in Pakistan

by:  Peter Jacob

The recent spate of violence against Pakistan’s religious minorities culminated in the dehumanizing murder of Shama and Shehzad – a Christian couple from Kot Radha Kishan. The couple were beaten...
Policy Brief

ISIS Eyes Influence in Pakistan – Focus, Fears & Future Prospects

by:  Hassan Abbas

The rapidly expanding militant force in Iraq and Syria known globally by its Arabic acronym Daesh (al-Dawla al-Islamiya fi al-Iraq wa al-Sham) or in English ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq...
Policy Brief

Reimagining Human Rights in Pakistan

by:  Asad Jamal

A rising graph of extremism in Pakistan has triggered alarm on the plummeting standards of human rights protections and entitlements across the country. The recent burning of a Christian couple...
Policy Brief

Prioritizing Education Response for Internally Displaced Children in Pakistan

by:  Madeeha Ansari

As of August 2014, there were over 1 million registered Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) from the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), and unknown numbers of unregistered IDPs living in Pakistan....
Conference and Research reports

Reviewing Indo-Pak Bilateral Relations: Quarterly Monitoring Brief December 2013 – March 2014

This monitoring brief recaps significant developments in Indo-Pak relations between December 2013 and March 2014, including statements, visits, and policy initiatives. It is part of a series of monitoring briefs...
Conference and Research reports

Extremism Watch: Mapping Conflict Trends in Pakistan 2011 – 2012

2012 saw previous patterns of violence against religious minorities continue to be repeated, often with greater intensity. This report documents the increase in bombings at Sufi shrines, the rising spate...
Conference and Research reports

Delivering on Promises: Assessing Implementation of Political Party Manifestos

Party manifestos are central to a competitive electoral process as well as the larger civic engagement process. This report will therefore aim to chart a broader view of the implementation...
Conference and Research reports

Extremism Watch Report Launch

ISLAMABAD February 16, 2012: Pakistan’s problem of extremism is a greater threat to the country than terrorism. This was the consensus during the February 16th launch of Jinnah Institute’s report...
Conference and Research reports

A Question of Faith: A Report on the Status of Religious Minorities in Pakistan

Why a report on the status of religious minorities? As part of the Jinnah Institute’s Open Democracy initiative, “˜A Question of Faith’: A Report on the Status of Religious Minorities...
Conference and Research reports

JI Report Launched: ‘Pakistan, the United States and the End Game in Afghanistan: Perceptions of Pakistan’s Foreign Policy Elite’

Islamabad, 25th August: Pakistani foreign policy elite expressed their views in a report published by Jinnah Institute on the endgame in Afghanistan and Pakistan’s stakes in light of the same....
Conference and Research reports

JI Report: Pakistan at Risk: Challenges and Opportunities After the Flood

More than three months into the flood crisis aid lifelines for humanitarian needs and rehabilitation remain underfunded, while the governance of the largest disaster the world has seen in many...
Conference and Research reports

Apolitical or Depoliticised? Pakistan’s Youth and Politics

Pakistan has a long history of student politics and students have played a major role in shaping the directions taken by the state and the government of Pakistan. However, the...
Policy Brief

Promises and Policies – Reviewing Party Manifestos for the 2013 Elections

by:  Ahmer Naqvi

2013 promises to be a historic year for democracy in Pakistan, as the country marks its first democratic transition between civilian governments in its 66-year history. Unlike the previous elections...
Policy Brief

Economic Policy and Management in Pakistan (2008 to 2013)

by:  Safiya Aftab

In the five years of the previous government’s tenure, the country has seen five Finance Ministers (FM), four Finance Secretaries (who have had six tenures among them, as one person...
Policy Brief

Performance and Prospects of Democracy in Pakistan: Political Scenarios Affecting the Elections 2013

It is for the first time in Pakistan’s history that an elected government is completing its term (2008-2013). The Pakistan Peoples Party-led coalition was jolted on several occasions, but it...
Policy Brief

Grant of MFN Status to India: Possible Impacts

by:  Safiya Aftab

According to the State Bank of Pakistan (SBP), in FY2010, the value of Pakistan’s exports to India was $260 million, and the value of imports from India was $1061 million....
Policy Brief

Monitoring Hate Speech on the Internet

by:  Annum Sadiq

The internet is the world’s largest ungoverned space, where users access information, exchange views and undertake collective action. At least 20 million Pakistanis are online, following a boom in the...
Policy Brief

Another Approach to Madrassa Reforms in Pakistan

by:  Syed Mohammad Ali

The rise of extremism and intolerance in Pakistan over the decades, not just in the militant periphery but in mainstream society too, has been promoted by a number of factors....
Policy Brief

Population in Pakistan: Holding the seams together

by:  Madeeha Ansari

In this Issue: The pressures and potential of a burgeoning population and recommendations to avert future crises. The “population bomb” is no longer a leading cause for concern in the...
Policy Brief

Electoral Reform and Women’s Political Participation

by:  Sabina Ansari

Overview Pakistan is in urgent need of electoral reform. Currently, there are a number of pressing domestic issues that are seemingly of higher priority for national and international stakeholders, such...
Policy Brief

Pakistan, the United States and the End Game in Afghanistan: Perceptions of Pakistan’s Foreign Policy Elite

As the so-called “end game” in Afghanistan approaches, the momentum is growing to find an amicable solution to the conflict. The U.S. and other troop contributing countries are committed to...
Policy Brief

Stumbling on the “Af-Pak” Border

by:  Mosharraf Zaidi

NATO helicopters engaged and killed two Pakistani soldiers on September 30th. In response, Pakistan closed the Torkham border crossing, blocking NATO’s access to a vital supply line for its operations...
Policy Brief

The Mumbai Trial and Related Legal Issues

by:  Ahmer Bilal Soofi

Two years after the November 26th attacks in Mumbai, the trial of the accused mastermind of the attacks continues in Pakistan. As with any trial, the outcome will not be...
Policy Brief

That Colorless Life: Attacking Shrines and the ‘other’ Islam

by:  Erum Haider

In July 2010, militants attacked the revered Sufi shrine of Data Ganj Bakhsh in Lahore, claiming 41 lives and injuring over 170 people. On October 7th, two suicide bombers attacked...

Eroding the vote banks: IDPs in Karachi

In September 2010, the Jinnah Institute carried out a series of focus groups with flood victims living in Karachi’s relief camps. The focus of the study was to assess the...
Policy Brief

Making Sense of Violence in Balochistan 2010

by:  Salman Zaidi

Balochistan has experienced a clear upsurge in violence over the last year, with changing trends in terms of attacks as well as targets. Making sense of this conflict requires parsing...
Policy Brief

Women in the Media: JI Policy Brief

by:  Sabina Ansari

This policy brief examines the current representation of women in Pakistan`s national media landscape, which includes the status of women in the media industry, the portrayal of women in mainstream...
Policy Brief

India Pakistan Relations: The Way Forward

The resumption of dialogue between India and Pakistan in 2011 has revived the hope that the two countries would make a renewed effort to resolve their bilateral problems. The dialogue...
Policy Brief

Pakistan’s Eight Great Education Debates

by:  Sehar Tariq

Pakistan’s education sector confronts a number of serious policy challenges. Jinnah Institute’s Paper “Pakistan’s Eight Great Education Debates” analyzes critical policy debates confronting the education sector and proposes policy solutions...
Policy Brief

Gender Sensitization for Conflict Management and Resolution

by:  Sehar Tariq

An analysis of the impact of ongoing conflicts and law and order disturbances on Pakistani women; their systematic exclusion from peace building and policy recommendations for a more gender sensitive...
Policy Brief

Strategic Security Brief: The Uncertain Future of US Aid to Pakistan

by:  Syed Mohammad Ali

As tensions between Pakistan and the US continue to fester, and as the US itself teeters on the verge of bankruptcy due to its staggering debt crisis, the future of...
Policy Brief

Stability in the Nuclear Context: Making South Asians Safe

by:  Moeed Yusuf

South Asia Advisor to the US Institute of Peace Moeed Yusuf authors this month’s Policy Brief on Nuclear Security, and outlines a plan for working towards strategic stability in the...